Building a docker image

The biggest advantage of using grpc4bmi is that you can embed the model code in a container like a Docker image. The grpc bridge allows you to address it from the host machine with the python BMI.

To establish this, install your BMI model and grpc4bmi inside the container, and let run-bmi-server act as the entry point of the docker image.


The docker file for the model container simply contains the installation instructions of grpc4bmi and the BMI-enabled model itself, and as entrypoint the run-bmi-server command. For the python example the Docker file will read

FROM ubuntu:bionic
MAINTAINER your name <your email address>

# Install grpc4bmi
RUN pip install git+

# Install here your BMI model:
RUN git clone <MODEL-URL> /opt/mymodeldir

# Run bmi server
ENTRYPOINT ["run-bmi-server", "--name", "mypackage.mymodule.MyBmi", "--path", "/opt/mymodeldir"]

# Expose the magic grpc4bmi port
EXPOSE 55555

The port 55555 is the internal port in the Docker container that the model communicates over. It is the default port for run_bmi_server and also the default port that all clients listen to.


The Docker image can be made by writing a Dockerfile file like

FROM r-base
LABEL maintainer="Your name <your email address>"

RUN apt update && apt install -t unstable -y python3-dev python3-pip git && \
  pip3 install git+[R]

RUN install.r remotes && installGithub.r eWaterCycle/bmi-r
RUN install.r <R mymodel library from CRAN>

# Copy BMI interface of model into Docker image
RUN mkdir /opt/
COPY mymodel-bmi.r /opt/

# Config file and forcing file will be mounted at /data
RUN mkdir /data
VOLUME /data


CMD ["run-bmi-server", "--lang", "R", "--path", "/opt/mymodel-bmi.r", "--name", "mymodel"]

EXPOSE 55555

The WALRUS model has a Dockerfile file which can be used as an example.


A Julia model can not be run as a server, see .


For native languages you need to compile you BMI model inside the container let your bmi server runner binary program act as the entry point. The protobuf, grpc and grpc4bmi libraries need to be installed in your docker image, which means that the installation instructions must be adopted in your Docker file. Then, include the installation of the model itself and the bmi run binary that you have written (as described here). Finally the entry point in the docker file should be the launch of this binary and you should expose port 55555. For the C++ example C++ example

#, compile and install grpc and grpc4bmi...
#, compile and install my_bmi_model...
# Run bmi server
ENTRYPOINT ["my_bmi_server"]

# Expose the magic grpc4bmi port
EXPOSE 55555

Building and Publishing

The Docker image can be build with

docker build -t <image name> .

The Docker image can be published at Docker Hub by creating a repository and pushing it with

docker push <image name>

The example WALRUS model is published at

The Docker image can then be started with the grpc4bmi docker client.